A complete dental examination should include a check up of the structures inside as well as outside the mouth.
During an extra-oral examination, structures and tissues such as the oro-facial skin, lymph glands of the neck, salivary glands, muscles, joints are all examined. Abnormalities may necessitate further investigations and tests.
An intra-oral examination looks at the lining of the mouth, other soft tissues, function of the tongue, floor of the mouth and soft palate. Gums are looked at in detail and several parameters are observed. In terms of teeth, the occlusion and individual surfaces of teeth are scrutinized for any problems. Any existing restorations are also carefully examined.
Radiographs (X-rays) may be taken to further examine teeth and bone to a greater detail.